Water - TetburyFamilies

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Water

LIFE > Services
Tetbury has historically had a problem with a reliable source of water, often suffering with dry springs during the summer months. This ultimately led to no development in the town as mills began to spring up down the nearby valleys as the industrial revolution took hold.  No work available resulted in noone wanting to settle resulting in no development.

Under the Manorial system of government those that had land with one of the springs or wells upon it had to keep the way free for the inhabitants to have access to the water supply according to the custom of the manor. At the Court Leet held in October the customs were read out and those that were in breach of the terms were presented to the jury and at pains to put the wrong right or to be fined.
1248
Townspeople granted right of access with their water carts through the Grange estate to obtain a supply

C13/14th
Lack of a reliable water source caused the failure of any water mill in the town

1357
Free liberty to fetch water in Magdalen Mead for ever granted by John le Breuse

1487
John Lymericke, of Tetbury gent, hath for him and his heyres forever, given leave to all the inhabitants of Tetbury
to fetch water at one, or well spring butting uppon Maudlen Mead, in Tetbury Field. Deed dated 19th January 2nd yr Henry VII (1486/7) [Lee p.41]

1496
John Limerick granted the well at Magdalen Mead to the townspeople

1656
Public wells at Maudlin [Magdalen] Meadow Well, Field Well, Worwell and Lime Well

1679
The Manor Rolls show that there were rights to water from Maudlen Mead well, field well, wor well and Lyme well. If the path to the well was on ‘private’ land the way was to be kept open. For example, Field well was on land occupied by Christopher Harris and owned by Mr Francis Savage and a way to the water was to be kept open on penalty of a fine.

1687
The Manor Rolls have the following entries relating to water supply [spellings as in the original]
“item we continew the way to the worwells to fich water with cartes or otherways and to water cattle there upon payment of 20d p(er) aney p(er)son as shall denay the same”
“item we continew our anchent custom for fiching of water for our towne at Sharpes well”
“item we continew our antient way for the fiching of water from limeweell and p(er) wasing of clothes there”
[Source: Gloucestershire Archives D566/M2]
The same bundle has another page in different writing, but no date, that refers to the new pool and that there is a fine for the washing of clothes or pigs or anything that would harm the water there.

1721
Edward Pullen agreed to supply the inhabitants of the town with a clean, fresh water supply from sources which included Worwell. He was to be allowed 18 months to lay pipes for conveying the water.

1749
An ancient well under the Town Hall was sunk lower and Rev.John Wight fixed a pump at his own expense.

1769
Public wells were Home Well, Magdalen Meadow Well, Field Well, Worwell, Cutwell, Sharp’s Well, Lime Well

1850
Before this year the Magdalen Meadow well was connected by pipes to the Field Well, Cherry Orchard and a tank constructed to hold the supply.

1859
A plan was accepted to take the water from the tank in Cherry Orchard to the New Pool and The Fountain.

1878
Ffeoffees handed over the care of the public wells and pumps to the Local Board

1892
Waterworks on Lowfield Road established with water obtained from two boreholes

1905
Mains water begins in the town

1911
July - Charles Philpot was appointed as manager of the Water Works, replacing his father, Mr Hubert Philpot, who was appointed as consulting engineer for a term of one year.  Charles was selected from 62 applicants at a salary of 25s.  Due to drought a partial shutting off of the water supply was deemed a failure as more water was used than when full supply was maintained.  

1914
Charles Philpot engineer and manager of Water Works, Blind Lane

1924
UDC Water Works Committee comprised Col.Morrison-Bell, Messers E.J.Dance, C.E.Gipps, M.J.Pride, M.H.Barnes, H.G.Harris [1924 Almanac and Directory]

1961
Bristol Waterworks Company took over from Tetbury RDC

Two springs in the lower ground at Tetbury surrounded by former earthworks around the church and Bartons, are called Cut Well and The World [Source: Folklore Vol.23 No.3 p334-5]

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